Top 25 Historical Places in Jammu
Top 25 Historical Places in Jammu
For centuries Jammu was home to more legendary figures. Right from Bheem to Abhimanyu, the heroes streaked across the pages of more of our history books. It was here where many courageous people led their lives and showed an integral part of the human spirit.
It was here that the valiant fell to the army of Mughals. It was here that great generals showed their military prowess and lived to tell the tale.
Brimming with devotees of all religions, the pilgrimage places of Jammu are wondrous creations. The region has several religious sites, which are situated amidst picturesque and panoramic views. Jammu is popularly called “The City of Temples”.
If you have a holiday package and If you want a sightseeing tour then I must prefer to Visit Jammu The list of the top 25 historical sites in Jammu and Kashmir is a culmination of many journeys that began long before the existence of the region. The journey began with the:-
MATA VAISHNO DEVI
Visiting Vaishno Devi Shrine is one of the oldest and most popular shrines of India, located at a height of 5300ft on the holy Trikuta Hills, in the Reasi district of Jammu and Kashmir. This shrine is 13kms away from Katra town. The cave-style shelter is located at an altitude of 5,300 feet above sea level, so people need to go above and beyond.
Apart from walking, you can also reach Vaishno Devi Temple by helicopter, horse riding, or by car, which is probably the best place to visit in Jammu. The Goddess Vaishno Devi's abode is in a 100 feet long cave with a narrow opening. There are three natural pandies representing Maha Saraswati, Maha Lakshmi, and Maha Kali, which represent creative, preservative, and destructive aspects of the divine energy. It is an ancient shrine whose reference is found in the Vedas and ancient scriptures.
The construction of the Raghunath temple complex in Jammu was started by Maharaja Gulab Singh in 1835 and was completed by his son Maharaja Ranbir Singh in 1860. The temple consists of seven shrines and the main shrine is dedicated to Lord Raghunath (Ram).
The structural style here is a combination of the Sikh and Mughal styles. In addition to the vast expanse of hidden and sacred places, the works of art contained within them catch the eye as they portray parts of the Mahabharata, the Bhagavad Gita, and the Ramayana.
The inner walls of the main temple are gold-plated. The surrounding temples are dedicated to various deities of the Hindu pantheon. Raghunath temple is a treasure house of ancient texts and manuscripts. In May 2015, the third gate of Raghunath Mandir was thrown open to the public after 13 years.
It is situated about 62 km from Jammu. It is a popular excursion destination of the entire Jammu region. Boating facilities are available on the spot. Every year around Baisakhi, a food and crafts festival is organized here by the J&K Tourism Department.
It is the most popular tourist spot situated at 2024 meters above sea level on National Highway-1A. It is a plateau in the Shivalik belt of the Himalayas. The charming resort amidst a thickly wooded forest of Deodar trees is Known as the best-developed tourist center of the Jammu Region. During winters, Patnitop receives heavy snowfall.
Sanasar in Jammu is a cup-shaped meadow surrounded by gigantic conifers. A place for a quiet holiday, the meadow has now been developed as a golf course. It also provides opportunities for para-gliding.
It is a well-known Shiva temple of Jammu. The magnificent temple was built by Maharaja Ranbir Singh in 1863 and is the biggest Shiva temple in North India. In Ranbireshwar Temple, there are a large number of Shiva lingams. The central lingam is in black stone and is seven and a half feet high.
This is an important historical place from the time of Mughals, who used to stay here during their journey from Delhi to Kashmir and vice-versa. The climate of this place in Jammu is very charming and in fact, it is a health resort. It is also famous for its artistic wooden products.
The famous shrine of Baba Ghulam Shah popularly known as Shahdara Sharief is about 30 km from Rajouri in the Jammu region. Shahdara Sharief is a symbol of communal harmony and brotherhood as Muslims, Hindus, and Sikhs visit this place in large numbers.
Bhaderwah valley is predominantly a mountainous town situated about 80 km from Batote in district Doda. The town is endowed with breath-taking natural beauty and is popularly known as Mini Kashmir. Apart from the natural scenic beauty, Bhaderwah has many historical and religious places. It has been developed as a summer resort for visitors.
BAHU FORT & TEMPLE
Bahu fort was originally built by Ka Bahu Lochan, about 3000 years ago and was rebuilt by the Dogra rulers in the 19th century. Within the precincts of the fort, is a temple dedicated to the goddess Maha Kali locally known as Bawey Wali Mata. A popular festival known as Bahu Mela is held in the fort area every year.
MUBARAK MANDI PALACE
The magnificent house of the then Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir, Mubarak Mandi Palace, can be seen from a good distance. The most experienced designers in mind trace back to 1824, after which various constructions were done little by little.
The royal residence was filled with members of the royal family until 1925, and today it is an important holiday destination featuring a mix of Rajasthani, Mughal, and Baroque (European) style engineering. Inside are some of the attractions, such as the Pink Palace, the Round House Complex, Rani Charak Palace, and the New Palace.
A famous landmark of Jammu city, Amar Mahal has a rich history for exhibitions. The royal residence was occupied in the 19th century by a French planner after being charged by the Dogra ruler, Raja Amar Singh. Today it has been converted into a gallery, one of the major attractions in Jammu.
The gallery features scaled-down compositions, books, workmanship ratings, and a superb privileged position that weighs in at 120kg. From the outside to the inside and the area is amazingly stunning, as the fort is amazingly close to the Tawi River.
DOGRA ART MUSEUM
Dogra Art Museum is located in the Pink Hall of the Mubarak Mandi complex. This museum houses more than 800 rare and exquisite paintings from Basholi, Jammu, and Kangra School of paintings. A gold-plated bow and arrow of Mughal Emperor Shahjehan and handwritten manuscripts of Shahnameh and Sikandernamah in Persian are among some of the valuable possessions of the museum.
PEER KHO CAVE
It is an ancient cave temple in Jammu, Peer Kho Cave has a naturally formed Shivlingam in the cave which is highly revered by its devotees. It is also known as Jamavant cave as it is believed that the Ramayan character Jamavant' (the bear god) meditated in this cave.
Pir Kho Cave is a sanctuary, which has definitely been cited as a feature in Jammu & Kashmir's list of vacation spots. The sanctuary is one of the most climatic sites in the city, and according to archeological records, it dates back to the fifteenth century, when Raja Ajaib Deo ruled. The huge courtyard of the sanctuary is something that commands notice, especially when it is lit during various Hindu festivals like Diwali.
Bhimgarh Fort, generally known as the Reasi Fort, is situated in the Reasi district of Jammu and Kashmir. The fort was initially constructed of clay, but later on, one of the heirs of Maharaja Rishipal Rana, the founder of Reasi, constructed it using stone. The renovation of the fort was started by Maharaja Gulab Singh in 1817.
Bhimgarh Fort is often mentioned when talking about the attractions of Jammu. This sloping fort is 150 meters above the ground and has various attractions including a shelter, a lake and extravagant rooms. In its early days, it was carved using mud and later rebuilt by Maharaja Rashipal Rana using stones. A tour of this surviving part will turn you back on the clock and amaze you.
The historic town of Akhnoor is situated on the banks of the mighty Chenab river. This town is associated with the legend of Soni-Mahiwal. Ruins of the Indus-Valley Civilization are found there.
Shiv Khori is a famous cave shrine devoted to Lord Shiva, situated in the Reasi district of Jammu and Kashmir. The shrine is considered to be the most important pilgrim site of the area after the Mata Vaishno Devi temple.
Buddha Amarnath is an ancient temple of Lord Shiva on the left bank of Pulsata stream in Poonch district. This is a unique Shiva temple that is located on the foot-hills and not on the hilltop and secondly, the Sivalinga (phallus) of white stone is not self-made.
Nangal Sahib Gurdwara is also known as Jattian Da Dera. It is situated on the bank of Drungli Nallah in the Poonch district. The Gurdwara was established by Sant Bhai Mela Singh in 1803. Devotees of all religions and faiths visit this place.
Buffliaz is a picturesque village, named after the horse of Alexander the great (Bunifales) who is said to have died there. It is situated about 39 km east of Poonch town, on the banks of the Poonch river.
This tourist spot is situated in the lap of lofty mountains and is surrounded by picturesque hills at an altitude of 5,500 ft above sea level. It is an important hill station in the Jammu region and has immense natural beauty.
It is located on the banks of the Tawi river near the famous Bahu Fort in Jammu. It is built on the pattern of the Mughal Gardens of Kashmir. There is an artificial lake, lush green lawns, flower beds, and fountains.
An important extension in any Jammu touring meeting is the Bahu Fort. Until the 18th century, the fort was built by Raja Gulab Singh of the Dogra Empire. It is located at an altitude of 325 meters, opposite the Old Town of Jammu.
The thick braided dividers of the construction are made using deep mortar and lime. However, there are many attractions inside Bahu Fort, the most famous being the Mahakali Temple which was built in the 8th century.
It was founded by Raja Jas Dev of Jammu in 1019 A.D. The state comprised vast territory from the present Hiranagar to the Ravi river. Jasrotias ruled this state up to 1834 A.D when it was given to Raja Hira Sing as jagir.
Lakhanpur is called the gateway of Jammu and Kashmir. It has been mentioned as "Thein State" in some references. This state was carved out of the erstwhile Jasrota State by the close of the 13th century.
Manda Zoo – Perfect For Family Vacation
Undoubtedly this is the best place to visit Jammu, Manda Zoo is an ideal departure especially if you are going with children. However, it is spread over a small area, the series of shows here is actually long. Stocking deer, porcupines, panthers, outbuilding owls, sambars, pythons, and dark partridges are some of the animals you can expect to see at this zoo.